In detail

How to plant and cultivate a pomegranate tree?

How to plant and cultivate a pomegranate tree?

The characteristics of the pomegranate tree

  • Type : fruit shrub
  • Height : From 2 to 5m, From 5 to 10m
  • Flower colors : Orange-red
  • Fruit name : Granada
  • Desired exposure : sunny
  • Type of soil : well drained
  • Foliage : Persistent
  • sanitizer : no
  • variety : Alicante, Dente di cavallo, Hermioni, Seedless, Wonderful

Origins and peculiarities of pomegranate

Fruit tree and ornamental plant, the pomegranate comes from the Punicaceae family. He is from Asia, Iran and India. The flowering of the tree takes place between May and August, the pomegranate tree is characterized by its red-orange flowers, composed of fleshy sepals and crumpled petals. The pomegranate is a small fruit tree which can reach 3 to 6 meters high, it produces yellow fruits drawing towards red, pomegranates, which are used, in particular for the creation of syrups, like that of grenadine. Pomegranates also have many medicinal properties. There are many varieties of pomegranate trees, natural or obtained by horticultural selection, starting with the common pomegranate tree. Note that the varieties of ornamental pomegranate trees do not produce fruit.

Pomegranate plantation

Pomegranate can be planted by seed from February to April, and live for more than 200 years. Its growth is however very long and, unless you are extremely patient, it is better to get a young shrub from your nurseryman. Pomegranate trees love the sun, and need well-drained soil to thrive. It is not difficult and supports any type of soil. Better to shelter it from cold winds.

Pomegranate maintenance

The pomegranate culture poses few problems. If it does not support very well the pruning, the pomegranate tree however needs that we regularly remove the weeds which grow at its foot and the suckers which it emits from its roots because that weakens it. It withstands heat very well as well as temperatures down to -12 ° C. The pomegranate tree does not require any maintenance, it is better to avoid the addition of too nitrogenous fertilizers because it makes the fruit explode.

Watering the pomegranate tree

The pomegranate tree can endure drought, but if you want to obtain fruit, it is better to provide it with regular watering, especially during the growing season and during hot weather. However, avoid overwatering during fruiting.

Pomegranate diseases

The Grenadier and its fruit, the pomegranate, have few enemies. Insect pests and cryptogamic diseases are rare in this species and the damage caused is generally not significant.